, Agriculture accounts for 9.4% of the net state domestic product. ... - Fig is one of the oldest fruit crops grown from centuries and originated in... Read more. Bir Billing is the centre for aero sports in Himachal and considered as best for paragliding. Photo about Field of Crops in Kangoo Himachal Pradesh India. One is the Kalka-Shimla Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and another is the Pathankot-Jogindernagar line. Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry has earned a unique distinction in India for imparting teaching, research and extension education in horticulture, forestry and allied disciplines. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. These rivers are perennial and are fed by snow and rainfall.  Sikhs mostly live in towns and cities and constitute 1.16% of the state population.  Expenditure on agriculture and allied activities increased from 14.4% in the First Plan to 32% in the Third Plan, showing a progressive decline afterwards from 24% in the Fourth Plan to less than 10% in the Tenth Plan. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. Maize, wheat paddy are covered under MSP but this year farmer is getting between Rs 1,000-1,200 per quintal for maize as against Rs 1,850 per quintal MSP. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. Tomato is one of the major off-season cash crops grown in the lower and mid-hills of the state. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016.  Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. There is no check on private players to purchase it on MSP. While higher levels of education do reflect a gender-based disparity, Himachal is still significantly ahead of other states at bridging the gap. Favourable weather — an extended winter and good snowfall necessary to meet the minimum chill hours for the fruit-bearing trees to blossom — promised a bumper harvest. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal.  In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level.  Kangra District was top-ranked with a population strength of 1,507,223 (21.98%), Mandi District 999,518 (14.58%), Shimla District 813,384 (11.86%), Solan District 576,670 (8.41%), Sirmaur District 530,164 (7.73%), Una District 521,057 (7.60%), Chamba District 518,844 (7.57%), Hamirpur district 454,293 (6.63%), Kullu District 437,474 (6.38%), Bilaspur district 382,056 (5.57%), Kinnaur District 84,298 (1.23%) and Lahaul Spiti 31,528 (0.46%).  The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. Apple is a predominant fruit crop of Himachal Pradesh and in recent years it has emerged as the leading cash crop amongst fruit crops. Some of these crops are even farmer domesticated. .  The sex ratio stood at 972 females per 1,000 males, recording a marginal increase from 968 in 2001. Most of the state lies on the foothills of the Dhauladhar Range.  Land husbandry initiatives such as the Mid-Himalayan Watershed Development Project, which includes the Himachal Pradesh Reforestation Project (HPRP), the world's largest clean development mechanism (CDM) undertaking, have improved agricultural yields and productivity, and raised rural household incomes. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. The chief food crops cultivated in Agriculture in Himachal Pradesh include wheat, maize, rice, barley, seed-potato, ginger, vegetables, vegetable seeds, mushrooms, chicory seeds, hops, olives, and fig. After conducting four years of research, 51-year-old Yussouf Khan has been growing fruits and vegetables, such as strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, cucumbers, capsicums mushrooms and cabbage, on his farm in Una village.  The districts are further divided into 69 subdivisions, 78 blocks and 145 Tehsils. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi), including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). Locally, it is called the Land of the Gods because of some popular Hindu temples of Hindu deities. The state is endowed with a high diversity of medicinal and aromatic plants.  Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. Tag - Onion Production In Himachal Pradesh. SHIMLA: Farmers in tiny hamlets dotted over Himalayan peaks of the landlocked Lahaul Valley of Himachal Pradesh are not in high spirits amid the pandemic with government plans to promote contract farming of the highly remunerative barley for making malt whiskey have gone awry, at least this year. About 93% of the state population depend directly upon agriculture.  Apples from Himachal are exported to other Indian states and even other countries. Himachal Pradesh o Area under vegetables: 72,000 ha o Production 12,50,700 metric tones o Productivity 181 q/ha. There is lot of demand for off season vegetables grown in the Pradesh and also there is a great export potential. Assembly meetings are presided over by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker in the Speaker's absence. Write 5 sentences about crops grown in himachal pradesh in halda festival 2 See answers rishikaar063 is waiting for your help. In addition, around 5,000 private buses ply in the state.  Himachal's hydro-electric power production is however yet to be fully utilised. Agriculture Farming Organic Mint Farming (Pudina), Planting And Growing Introduction to Organic Mint Farming, Cultivation Practices Mints belong to the genus Mentha, in … Majority of cash crops mainly vegetables grown in the Pradesh are exported and consumed by the neighbouring states of plains. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. Source: Department of Information and Public Relations..  The Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan is another HP government initiative that not only aims for universal elementary education but also encourages communities to engage in the management of schools.  It is one of the rarest living pheasants in the world. Although neighbouring state Uttarakhand is famous as the land of the gods because of the major Hindu shrines like Badrinath( One of the Char Dham), Kedarnath, Adi- Kailasha, Origin of holy rivers like Ganges, Yamuna, Holy city Haridwar, Rishikesh etc. The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Legislative Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the governor, and the Council of Ministers are appointed by the governor on the advice of the Chief Minister.  Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. Write 5 sentences about crops grown in himachal pradesh in halda festival 2 See answers rishikaar063 is waiting for your help. It is the main source of income as well as employment in Himachal. 2018; 6(1):21-28. doi: 10.12691/ajrd-6-1-4. At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh.  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